The Rev. Robert Parson Rose owned thousands of acres of land in what are now Amherst and Nelson Counties, including the Roseland area. People spoke of this area as Rose’s land and when the first post office was established it was called Roseland.

In the early years of the 20th century there was little in the way of public industry in the area, There was some logging and sawmilling, but most people relied on farming for their livelihood, raising tobacco, apples, wheat and corn.

The post office, along with other buildings that were not on high ground, were destroyed during the Camille flood of 1969.

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